Thursday, December 18, 2014

A Day of Rattlesnakin'

It's on cold winter nights like this that I like to reminisce of warm days long gone. Way back in June, I spent a day with a group of conservationists on a rattlesnake survey. I know several of these guys well, and got to meet a few of the others for the first time. When I arrived, the rattlesnake crew was just finishing processing a male that they had captured just a few minutes before.

Adult male EMR, particularly dark for this locale.
A handsome snake, though exceedingly dark for this location. The snake was measured, weighed, and given a unique identification number as part of an ongoing mark-recapture study on site. After a brief lunch, we set out to another area of the property to walk some upland fields which serve as summer habitat for massasaugas. One field in particular has yielded good numbers of snakes in the past for me over the summer months. And with an overcast sky and temps in the low 70s, I was optimistic about our chances. We split about 10 feet apart, and walked as a group, combing the area for a dark shape coiled amongst the tall grass. It wasn't long before I noticed a freshly shed female try to soak up whatever warmth she could on this overcast day.

Gravid female EMR, trying to remain hidden in the grass.

This was a new snake, a young gravid female. Like other captured snakes, data was taken and she was given a unique identification number. She was then released exactly where she was found. The mark-recapture study at this location is part of a much larger habitat restoration project. Population estimates and trends are vital information as the habitat management at this site moves forward.

A large adult Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus) at home in a prairie fen.
Though I can't always help out with surveys, I keep my own personal records on massasauga observations, trends, and health of snakes at various locations across southeast Michigan. Changes in numbers of observations or succession of habitats isn't necessarily concrete scientific data, but it is observational data which can help. I'll be sharing some more posts over the course of the winter on massasaugas, particularly from the fall months at a location or two that are pretty incredible, but show signs of trouble from the ever encroaching snake fungal disease (SFD). Until then, keep warm!

Saturday, December 13, 2014

The SNOWstorm Returns

The warmth has come and gone once again here in Michigan, and winter is slowly beginning to take hold of the Great Lakes region. The winter of 2013-2014 was one for the ages, bringing record breaking snowfall and cold to much of the northern states. But last winter was also a record breaker of a different kind, an invasion of snowy owls in numbers that hadn't seen for more than half a century. Owls invaded much of the Great Lakes basin and along the east coast, making it as far south as a barrier island of the coast of Florida. So one would expect that a spectacle like last year wouldn't be seen for another half century, right? Well, take a look at this map of snowy owl sightings from November to December of this year.

SNOW Observations, Nov. - Dec. 2014,
It's quite staggering when you view it from this perspective, hundreds of snowies have been observed in a month and half span. You can also see how much the owls rely on waterways as navigation points, particularly along the Great Lakes coasts, St. Lawrence Seaway, and Atlantic coast. This week, I was able to get out twice to hunt some areas and see what I could observe. When I arrived to a large agricultural area not far from Saginaw Bay, I was astounded by the number of snowy owls in a 8-10 square mile area.

Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus), Bay County, MI

At a rough county, I observed at least 17 different owls in a fairly large area. I'm not sure as to whether this was a group traveling together, loosely at least. Snowies are fairly solitary birds, but it's not uncommon to see them in large clusters in a few square mile area. Either way, it was way more individuals than I observed in a single day all of last winter.

Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus), Tuscola County, MI
The other thing that I found interesting was the number of adult birds that I observed. Most snowies that irrupt in a given winter are first year immatures which move south to escape the harsh winters of the tundra to hone their hunting skills where prey is less scarce. But I encountered several adult birds, including the stunning adult male shown above. Project SNOWstorm has also had at least two owls that they fitted with radio transmitters last winter return to the east coast this fall. There are a lot of factors that determine the number of snowies that irrupt, but if food is scarce, some adults will even move south. 

Will the winter of 2014-2015 break the record numbers from last year? Probably not. But it certainly seems as though we are going to get another strong showing of these ghosts of the tundra. Stay tuned.

Friday, December 12, 2014

My Summer

It's been ages since I've posted a blog, mostly due to a crazy work schedule and lack of internet access while working in the northern lower peninsula. Back in late May, I began working with a state agency on a conservation project involving one of our imperiled turtle species, the wood turtle. While working in the northern reaches of the state, I've managed to see a lot of cool things that we don't often see in the fragmented landscape of southeast Michigan. Without further ado, here's a look at what my summer has been like.

Welcome to My Office
Wood Turtle (Glyptemys insculpta), Northern Michigan

Wood turtles are found in healthy rivers and streams in the northern reaches of the lower peninsula. Most of my summer has involved following these guys around with radio telemetry. They have a knack for moving into really thick cover after nesting finishes, and I've often tracked them into some of the nastiest thickets and thorns I've ever seen in Michigan. Besides the turtles, the vast forests of northern Michigan also house some snake species that seem to be rare or absent from much of southeast Michigan. After a passing thunderstorm one afternoon, I got my first look at a northern Michigan hognose snake.

Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos), Alcona County, Michigan
Hogs appear to be fairly common in the northern reaches of the state, I saw more than a dozen in the coming weeks, especially gravid females which were staging in apparent nesting areas.

Eastern Hognose Snakes (Heterodon platirhinos), Oscoda and Alcona Counties, Michigan
The bird life in this area of the state is also particularly good, especially with the vast jack pine barrens in the area.

Kirtland's Warbler (Setophaga kirtlandii), Oscoda County, Michigan
Evening Grosbeaks (Coccothraustes vespertinus), Alcona County, Michigan
Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus), Alcona County, Michigan
The drier months of the summer really slowed down any herp movement at all, only bringing about the occasional garter snake. I did happen to find this unmarked turtle, which was out for a stroll after a strong passing thunderstorm in early August.

Wood Turtle (Glyptemys insculpta), Northern Michigan
As the weather has begun to cool off here later in the season, there has been a noticeable spike in snake activity. One morning, after a night of heavy rain, I came around a corner and couldn't miss this beautiful snake in the road.

Smooth Green Snake (Opheodrys vernalis), Alcona County, Michigan
I don't often get to see greens, so anytime one shows up it's a treat. The month of September was pretty slow at first, but by the temps began to cool about midway through the month, snakes became a daily encounter along forest roads.

Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos), Alcona County, MI
Smooth Green Snakes (Opheodrys vernalis), Alcona and Oscoda Counties, MI
Being able to work in some of the most beautiful places of the state for the summer was awesome, and I already miss it. Things are changing fast for me, as I may soon be moving on from Michigan for another job opportunity. I look forward to seeing where the field takes me, and will keep do my best to keep up with this blog. I have a huge backlog of fall snakes from southeast Michigan, new camera rig stuff, and more things of the avian variety. Stay tuned, and until next time, happy herping.

Wednesday, June 11, 2014

Spring Catch Up

Hello again, it's been awhile since I posted anything here. I've had a crazy past month and a half or so, and now that I'm starting a new job things are only going to get a little more hectic. Things have been a little slower than average in the herp department, while bird migration has been crazy. After many reliable years of service, the life of my Canon Rebel XTi finally came to an end. Being camera-less during the most eventful time of the year here in Michigan was a little bit stressful. My iPhone sufficed for a few weeks before I obtained a Canon EOS 40D, a major step up from Canon's Rebel line. So let's take a whirlwind trip through this spring, starting with the tail end of April. I missed the major amphibian migrations this spring due to a crazy schedule and crapped out camera. But before the camera died I was able to capture some good snakes and salamanders.

Smallmouth Salamander (Ambystoma texanum), Southeast Michigan
Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos), Monroe County, MI
Blue Racer (Coluber constrictor foxii), Oakland County, Michigan
My new found passion of birds has made splitting time between herps and their feathered cousins rather difficult, but its given me something to chase when herping is slow. I've been able to see a good number of migrants this spring, and have gotten some decent photos of a few. Here's a smattering of avian reptiles from late April and May.

Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea), Washtenaw County, MI
Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas), Washtenaw County, MI
Wilson's Warbler (Cardellina pusilla), Washtenaw County, MI
Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica), Washtenaw County, MI
Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia), Monroe County, MI
Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), Monroe County, MI
Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus), Monroe County, MI
Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus), Monroe County, MI
Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus), Isabella County, MI
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica), Monroe County, MI
Tree Sallow (Tachycineta bicolor), Washtenaw County, MI
The herp scene was a little slow this spring in terms of numbers, though I did get to see some decent diversity.

Wood Turtles (Glyptemys insculpta), Northern Michigan
Blue Racers (Coluber constrictor foxii), Oakland & Washtenaw Counties, MI
Butler's Garter Snake (Thamnophis butleri), Washtenaw County, MI
Spotted Turtle (Clemmys guttata), Southeast Michigan
Blanchard's Cricket Frog Habitat, Washtenaw County, MI
Blanchard's Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans blanchardi), Washtenaw County, MI
Pickerel Frog (Rana palustris), Berrien County, MI
Eastern Gray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor), Washtenaw County, MI
And finally to close, what about those darn massasaugas? It seems as though I've had decreasing numbers of rattlesnake sightings in the spring over the past few years. This year was no different, though I did see my first one of the year on a chilly, 47 degree afternoon in early April. Since then, I've seen seven massies as a handful of locations, not bad considering the crazy weather we've had.

Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes (Sisturus catenatus catenatus), SE & SW Michigan
That's all for now, but there's plenty more to come. I just returned home from a trip to the southern Appalachians complete with some cool salamanders and start my new job working with wood turtles here in Michigan this week. Happy herping everyone!